Home buyers in India have two kinds of choices when it comes to buying home- Built up/under construction property or residential plot. Where in case of built up property, usage is clear towards residential requirement of the buyer, plot seems more of speculative in nature. Financial institutions offer loans to buy both residential plot or residential property. Though plot loan or home loan may look similar, there are some key differences between the two as mentioned in this post.
The basic difference between a home loan and plot loan is that plot loan is availed to buy residential land whereas a home loan is taken to buy residential built up/under construction property. The plot which is bought out of a plot loan has no fixed timeline as to its usage as residential house, however usage is defined as residential only. In case of a home loan, applicants can use the loan amount to buy a residential property or for construction of a residential building.
In case of home loans, only property which is defined as residential qualifies for a home loan. These properties can be freehold resale residential properties or builder flats, or government approved housing schemes. A home loan cannot be availed for properties identified as agricultural or industrial. Plot loans also can be availed for residential land only. Location of the plot should be within municipal or city limits and not in a village. Similar to a home loan, a plot loan cannot be availed for buying agricultural or industrial land.
Loan to Value (LTV):
Loan to Value (LTV) is the amount of loan you can get against a property. Since home loan is associated with the purchase of residential collateral, LTV is higher than for plot loan, under affordable housing, LTV can go as high as 90% for loans under 30 lacs, whereas it is restricted to 70% on plot loans.
Applicants can get tax benefits on interest payment and principal amount in case of a home loan availed on fully built up residential property, on the other hand, there are no tax benefits available to plot loan applicants. The only tax deduction available in case of a plot is for the loan amount taken against the construction on it.
Loan tenure and EMI play a significant role in any loan application. A home loan has a higher tenure as compared to plot loan. The tenure for a home loan can up to 30 years (in some cases) while for a plot loan the maximum tenure could be up to 15 years, although these vary between various banks/financial institutions.
Both home loan and plot loan have their merits but the best approach would be to choose one after analyzing your needs and repayment capabilities.